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Decree of the Expulsion to the Acadians 1755

Robert McCausland, Toronto


The Expulsion of the Acadians was the forced removal of the Acadian people from present day Canadian Maritime provinces, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island, (or Acadie, as the French call it). The Expulsion occurred during the French and Indian War. They were deported to other British colonies, Britain, and France between 1755 and 1763.

The British Conquest of Acadia happened more than 40 years prior to that in 1710. Over the next few decades the Acadians refused to sign an unconditional oath of allegiance to Britain. During this time period Acadians participated in various militia operations against the British and maintained vital supply lines to the French Fortress of Louisbourg and Fort Beausejour. During the French and Indian War, the British sought to neutralize any military threat Acadians posed and to interrupt the vital supply lines Acadians provided to Louisbourg by deporting Acadians from Acadia.

Without making distinctions between the Acadians who had been peaceful and those who rebelled against British occupation, the expulsion of all the Acadians was ordered by British governor Charles Lawrence and the Nova Scotia Council. It led to the deaths of thousands of Acadians.